PIN Diode

Definition: A PIN diode is an advancement of normal PN junction diode. It is a 3-layer device in which an intrinsic layer i.e., undoped semiconductor is sandwiched between P and N regions. Thus, making it a PIN diode. The presence of intrinsic region exhibits high resistance property. Due to this, the magnitude of the electric …

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Tunnel Diode

Definition: A heavily doped two-terminal semiconductor device through which electric current flows because of tunneling ( or tunnelling) of electrons is known as Tunnel Diode. It possesses the negative resistance characteristic in which current decreases even when the applied voltage is increased. Tunneling basically denotes the penetration of electrons through the depletion region. As highly …

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Zener Diode

Definition: A special type of PN junction diode that operates in reverse biased mode, more specifically in breakdown region is known as Zener Diode. The doping level of the zener diode is somewhat higher than the normal PN junction diode. So that it can give a sharp breakdown voltage. Zener breakdown was first noticed and …

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Diode

Definition: An electronic component made of semiconductor material that allows conduction of current in only one direction is termed as a Diode. It is a two terminal device normally formed by fusing p and n-type semiconductor materials each having majority and minority carriers. Symbol of Diode The figure below shows the symbol of PN junction …

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